Common scalp problems
The scalp is a skin area with high rate of sebum production, as well as the high follicular density. There are many different conditions which are scalp related ones. People have a genetic predisposition for many problems, and some issues are caused by the infection, or poor nutrition. Many issues lead to skin rash, and also hair loss. Scalp problems are common, and people of all ages may experience such issues. When it comes to physical appearance, hair plays a huge role, which is why any hair or issues are causing discomfort, and they also have a huge impact on self-esteem.
Dandruffis also known as seborrheic dermatitis,is certainly one of the most common problems that many people experience. White flakes are very embarrassing, because they are noticeable on the clothes, or in the dark hair. The cause of the issue is an excess of the dead cells of the skin, which are shed from the scalp. The problem usually occurs when the skin is irritated, or very dry. Many studies have confirmed dandruff is a very common in people with psoriasis, eczema and fungal infections. While the problem is frustrating, it can be easily controlled. When choosing a dandruff shampoo, make sure it contains at least one of the following ingredients:
- Selenium sulfide
- Coal tar
- Zinc pyrithione
- Salicylic acid.
Cradle cap is a form of dandruff, but it does not affect adults, it affects infants. Little, yellow, and greasy crusts or scales may form on the scalp. This is a very common condition among infects. In most cases, it will clear up after some period of time. This problem does not require any kind of special treatment. For prevention, experts recommend gentle washing of the baby’s scalp and hair. Olive oil or baby oil can soften the scales.
This skin condition may occur basically anywhere on the body, including scalp. The problem is caused when the immune system attacks the cells of the skin by mistake, in which case dead skin cells will appear on the scalp, forming crusted and thick scales. This problem becomes extremely sore or itchy. Psoriasis is treated by ointments and creams, vitamin D, and different kinds of shampoo that contain salicylic acid.
Another common problem is ringworm. It is the infection that cause rash, and it may cause patches of hair loss. This problem is common among children, but adults can be affected as well. Unlike some other scalp conditions, this one can spread if individuals share combs, towels, clothing, hats, etc. It is also possible to catch this common scalp issue from a dog or a cat, but that rarely happens. Ringworm is treated by medications, and entire treatment usually lasts up to 3 weeks. One of the most important things is that person that has ringworm does not share personal items, such as towels, hats, combs, clothing or else, because it may spread the infection to other people.
Head lice also known as Pediculosiscapitis, is the infestation of the hair and scalp. Millions of people all around the globe have this scalp problem. Head lice is a common problem among children, but it is also an issue that adults can experience. This condition can be treated with shampoos that contain ingredients such as phenothrin, lindane, natural phythrins and others.
Scalp issues and hair loss
Hair loss is a problem many people face in certain age. For women, hair loss is an extremely traumatic experience that affects self-esteem. In order to cover up the hair loss, women choose hair extensions made from virgin human remy hair or weave lace front wigs¸ depending on the percentage of hair loss. Extensions and wigs can be made from 100% Brazilian hair, or it may come from Peruvian or Malaysian donors.
Causes of hair loss are different, from genetic predisposition, hormonal imbalance to scalp infections. Scalp infections should be properly treated, because if they are not, they may cause hair loss. After the proper treatment of the infection, hair will start to grow normally again.
Many different studies have shown that poor nutrition may cause scalp issues as well as hair loss, especially a deficiency in protein, certain vitamins and minerals. For that reason, proper nutrition rich in protein, vitamins and minerals is very important.
To keep the scalp and hair healthy, it is significant to carefully choose shampoos, and other hair care products. The best is to use chemical and alcohol free products that are gentle to the scalp and hair.